The Fundamental Guide to Market Segmentation

Market Segmentation is a crucial aspect of the target market. This practice effectively focuses on the marketing efforts of an individual through consumer market segmentation. So this helps in superiorly catering to the particular requirements of the customers.

Creating a perfect marketing strategy requires effort, money, and time. Every business wants its message to reach out to its potential customers. It is evident that as the size of the audience grows, the broader the preferences become.

And that is precisely how your marketing message is put at risk because of irrelevant messages. For this, one requires to introduce marketing segments to their brands. By submitting this method, one can acquire an advantage over their competitors. They can efficiently prove to their customers that they thoroughly understand their preferences and requirements.

Marketing to the imperfect segment can be a terrible feeling, thereby incurring loss in your business. So you need to be very careful while you are segmenting the market. If you are a business owner, then this article will be of tremendous help to you. Here, we will be discussing everything related to market segmentation. Let’s get started.

What is Market Segmentation?

Whenever someone hears the phrase “market segmentation” for the first time, the question “what is market segmentation?” follows. Market segmentation is nothing but the process of segregating your potential customers according to particular needs and requirements. It will allow the specific target group to respond to those messages they are interested in.

The process of market segmentation is mainly determined by the type of product and services you are selling. And also the types of companies who are purchasing it. It would be best to form groups by splitting up the entire crowd with similar qualities and characteristics.

So in a way, segmentation of the market creates an extension of market research, thereby identifying the targeted groups and consumers. You can attractively tailor the products and your branding that appeals to the particular group of your potential consumers.

However, by understanding the importance of market segmentation, you can efficiently leverage the target consumers. So in a way, you can amplify your marketing strategies and the products and sales. In the following section, we will be discussing the different types of market segmentation.

Types of Market Segmentation

The ideal business market segmentation is the one that is effectively measurable and enormous to earn enough profits. The market segment also requires it to be highly stable so that it doesn’t vanish quickly.

On the other hand, your marketing segmentation strategies should be such that your business strategies can reach. It would also help make it homogeneous to respond accurately to your marketing strategies.

Let us now take a brief look at the types of segmentation in marketing.

Source : learn.g2

Demographic Marketing Segmentation

Out of all the types of market segmentation, demographic market segmentation is the most commonly used. It entails categorizing the audience of your market in various aspects. Some variables are age, gender, education, income, profession, location, family situation, religion, race, etc.

This type of market segmentation is helpful for catering specific products to different individuals for obvious reasons. A person of 18 years will have different preferences than a person of 50 years of age. It is evident from the significant variations of media consumption by other age groups.

Some of the demographic market segments examples are:

  • The commercials of cartoon channels to the commercials of the news or sports channels.
  • Clothing companies sell clothes for all people and of all age groups.

Geographic Marketing Segmentation

This marketing segmentation targets customers based on a particular predefined geographic location. Consumers will have differences in interests, preferences, and values. And marketers like you must decipher these differences and pitch in advertisements accordingly.

The market segmentation examples for the geographic distinction are clothing and eating habits. If you are in a clothing line business, you will not advertise furry woolens to people living in the equatorial region. You will only sell those clothes in places where cold prevails for most of the year. So you will have to advertise clothes according to the geographic location of your potential customers.

Behavioral Marketing Segmentation

This type of market segmentation is very similar to psychographic marketing segmentation. But it emphasizes specifically the methods of a consumer’s buying procedure. You will need to focus more on the consumers’ attitude towards your brand and how they interact.

The importance of market segmentation in behavioral measurements is mainly because of your brand loyalty. For instance, a customer keeps coming back to you to purchase the same product or service. That means they have built up their trust in your brand. And they do not have to think twice or read reviews about purchasing the newly launched product.

So this persistent buying pattern can be significantly considered as a behavioral trait. You can offer reward programs for this kind of segmentation, bringing in new valuable consumers.

Source: voxco

Psychographic Marketing Segmentation

In market segment analysis, psychographic segmentation is widely different from other segmentation types. You need to emphasize the intrinsic traits that your targeted audience and customer possess.

It can include personality, values, attitude, interests, lifestyles, conscious and subconscious motivators, opinions, etc. To implement this method, you need to conduct surveys, focus groups, interviews, case studies, etc.

Some psychographic market segmentation examples are:

  • A person living in a small town has a different lifestyle than another person living in a metropolitan city. So they will have additional requirements regularly. And you need to identify them to become successful.
  • People living in two extreme corners of the nation will have variables in their food habits. So they will be accustomed to the type of food available there and make it their staple. There can be times when people try out other cuisines, but that will never become their habit.

How to Create a Market Segmentation Strategy – A Step-by-Step Guide

Market segmentation aims to create small segments within an otherwise broad market. This procedure carefully selects the correct target audience for various brands and products. Once you recognize your target, you can quickly formulate the segmentation strategies.

Now that you are well aware of market segmentation types, it is time for you to understand the steps. In this section, we will be discussing the steps to create an ideal market segmentation strategy.


Source: successwise

  • Firstly, you need to chalk out and identify your target market carefully. Thoroughly analyze your targeted audience according to your services and products.
  • Secondly, you need to formulate the expectations of your targeted audience thoroughly. For this, you can conduct a survey to collect customer feedback and opinions to look at what your potential audience is expecting of you.
  • Thirdly, after identification, you need to create subgroups for effectiveness. Through the survey, you will become familiar with the different kinds of audiences you might be having. So make sure you segregate them into other groups and design your marketing strategy.
  • Fourthly, before finalizing, you need to review the requirements of your target audience. Before you implement your marketing segmentation strategies, make sure you double-check them.
  • Fifthly, you have to provide names for the specific market segments. As you know about the types of audiences you are expecting, give them names based on segregation.
  • Sixthly, you need to study and implement relevant marketing strategies for your brand and products. Run a thorough analysis to check whether the marketing strategies you have decided work for your targeted audience.
  • Seventhly, please take a closer look at the behavior of your targeted audience and review it. After implementing the strategies, analyze to check how your audience reacts to them.
  • And finally, look at the size of your target market. Collect all the requisite data for implementing forecasting and planning sales.

Benefits of Marketing Segmentation

Making proper use of market segmentation will help you acquire significant benefits. Some of the benefits of marketing segmentation are:

Source: educba

  • Greater Succeeding Chances: Segregating your consumers will allow you to connect to them on a greater level. In a way, you can directly reach out to them and know about their significant demands.
  • Intensified Customer Relation: Valued customers are the key to the success of your business. With so many competitors in the market, you will want your business to stand out for capturing more attention. Building good relationships with your customers also helps in increasing your brand loyalty, thereby retaining and keeping them satisfied.
  • Inflated Marketing Opportunities: Market segmentation allows you to explore various available new marketing opportunities. Make sure you approach every group of people smartly and never restrict your services to influential groups.
  • Increased Profits: Building brand recognition through market segmentation allows you to increase your profits tremendously. After you know your targeted audience likes any particular service or product, try to provide them with better ones. This will allow you to increase your market shares along with your profits.
  • Unique Product Designing: Conducting a survey will help you analyze the kinds of products your targeted audience is looking for. So you can strategize on the existing development and provide it with a furnished look that will attract your customers.
  • Focused Marketing Opportunity: Providing too many products at once will not significantly impact the market. So you need to build upon any specific product or service and leverage your market. You are bound to succeed with impactful design campaigns.

Marketing Segmentation Mistakes that You Need to Avoid

The methods of market segmentation, if implemented correctly, can incur significant benefits for your company. The importance of this strategy goes way beyond positioning your target market into cohesive segments.

But at times, people get carried away and unintentionally bring forth inevitable mistakes. Some of the marketing segmentation mistakes that you need to avoid are:

Sticking to Old School in the New Age:

After every four to five years, the structure of many industries tends to change. It is because their consumers have developed a taste for their demands. So implementing your age-old marketing strategies will lead to extreme failure of your business. You need to shift your plan and implement the new ones.

Relying on the Old Tactical Data:

Getting carried away with the stated needs and demographics for creating consumer groups will not help your business. This is less impactful for informing messages and targeting communications.

Ignoring Your Targeted Audience:

Using inappropriate data and ignoring your targeted audience can have a considerable impact. So it would be best if you had a clear understanding of who your targeted audience is. Only then can you see your business grow and inflate your profits accordingly.

Inappropriate Data Usage:

Misusing your data might lead to a failure in your market segmentation strategies. Various companies don’t bother to conduct new surveys and rely on the existing data. Getting into a preconceived notion will tremendously affect your business.

Terminating after Market Segmentation:

Segmenting your market is not the only thing you need to do. You also need to thoroughly test the marketing strategies whether it is helping or not. And after that, you need to fine-tune it according to the requirements.

To Conclude

The concept of marketing segmentation has immensely proved beneficial for almost all businesses. By implementing marketing segmentation, you can decide on the pricing of your items that suit you best. This is indeed the best way to maximize your sales and keep your customers happy at the same time. Lastly, make sure you are careful with marketing segmentation and avoid general mistakes.