Astronomy Picture of the Day. With no-code.

In this blog I will be showing how to expose the APOD (Astronomy Picture of the Day) REST API with SAP API Management and how to use this API with Appgyver to create a simple Astronomy Picture of the Day app.


  • Nasa API portal free developer key
  • SAP BTP free trial account with Integration Suite subscription enabled
  • Appgyver composer free account

Quoting after the NASA API portal:

One of the most popular websites at NASA is the Astronomy Picture of the Day. In fact, this website is one of the most popular websites across all federal agencies. It has the popular appeal of a Justin Bieber video. This endpoint structures the APOD imagery and associated metadata so that it can be repurposed for other applications. …

The full documentation for this API can be found in the APOD API Github repository.

Good to know:

  • SAP Productivity tools in use, namely APIM and Appgyver are browser-based thus no local tools installation required
  • Appgyver composer is a laptop browser based

Nasa API Gateway.

The first thing is to acquire an API key to get access to the nasa apis at

Your API key is personal to you and linked to the email address you have used to obtain the key.

Having this key you can start making web service requests. Simply pass the key in the URL when making a web request, for instance:

But wait, does it mean the key will need to be passed in the URL each time to make a web request?

Actually, not great when it comes to using it from javascript….for instance in a Single Page Application.


Create an API proxy using APIM (which is part of the SAP Integration Suite bundle).

See appendix for further details.


Create an appgyver project in composer and use the Nasa API from APIM.

See appendix for further details.

Both APIM and Appgyver Composer/Platform are browser based.  But both require some upfront learning and trialing.

Especially when it comes to APIM if you want to implement OAuth2 or OAuth2SamlBearerAssertion policies for instance.

APIM offers an out-of-the-box integration with API Business Hub allowing you to explore the API packages SAP and 3rd parties have shipped.

And indeed. There is no code but there are many screenshots….


Create an API proxy using APIM (which is part of the SAP Integration Suite bundle).

1. Let’s use the Nasa API portal gateway, namely as API provider in APIM:

2. we also need to create a key value map with our api_key query parameter value as follows:

3. create, save and deploy our Nasa API

4. add policies to retrieve and add the api_key to a web service URL as follows:

<!-- Key/value pairs can be stored, retrieved, and deleted from named existing maps by configuring this policy by specifying PUT, GET, or DELETE operations -->
<!-- -->
<!-- mapIdentifier refers to the name of the key value map -->
<KeyValueMapOperations mapIdentifier="NasaAPIKey" async="true" continueOnError="false" enabled="true" xmlns=""> <Get assignTo="private.sapapim.apiKey" index="1"> <Key><Parameter>api_key</Parameter></Key> </Get> <!-- the scope of the key value map. Valid values are environment, organization, apiproxy and policy --> <Scope>environment</Scope>

<!-- This policy can be used to create or modify the standard HTTP request and response messages
<AssignMessage async="false" continueOnError="false" enabled="true" xmlns=''> <Add> <QueryParams> <QueryParam name="api_key">{private.sapapim.apiKey}</QueryParam> <!-- <QueryParam name="api_key"><api_key></QueryParam> --> </QueryParams> </Add> <IgnoreUnresolvedVariables>false</IgnoreUnresolvedVariables> <AssignTo createNew="false" type="request">request</AssignTo>

5. and bingo…when adding the /planetary/apod suffix the API retrieves the data


Create an appgyver project in composer and use the Nasa API from APIM.