At age of the Cloud, it’s essential to exchange master data and transaction data between ERP and Cloud applications like SFDC, and most important is to keep them synchronized. To set up the whole integration must be teamwork which requires expertise on the knowledge of both ERP and SFDC as well as middleware. Cover everything of this integration is out of my territory for sure 😀
In this article, just offer a quick overview&example of how material master data has been transferred from SAP to Salesforce through BOOMI, also trace the process flow which could help to do issue analysis.
1. Collect material details and generate outbound Idoc
SAP already provides a standard program named RBDSEMAT with the standard message type ‘MATMAS’ along with accordingly basic type like ‘MATMAS_BAPI’. Of course, we need to customize all of this and lots of work involved~ Check this overview file about configuring SAP for Inbound and Outbound Processing.
As material keeps changing at various tables by different transactions, we using a change pointer to trigger the Idoc send out like this blog. Besides, many other ways to trigger Idoc like by program/output process/ event, etc.
In short, we generate and send an outbound Idoc which contains all the details of material from SAP like below:
To precisely trace the Idoc processing and when the SAP system passes it to the external system (here is BOOMI), we’d better catch a glimpse logs of Idoc status ’03’ (as IDoc could be sending out immediately or asynchronous with batch collected in an interval).
2. Inbound IDoc monitoring at BOOMI
Let’s focus on the BOOMI side. Go to ‘Documents’ in Manage Tab, we can filter by specific time range started from the log time of Idoc 03 status. It’ll be a more accurate filter using tracked field Idoc number if you know it. Be aware of the time zone, as the SAP system could use a different time zone compared with the BOOMI system.
For this example, we can get the process log with the name ‘[SAP] —> [Outbound BATCH IDOC Route] Outbound IDOC’ against that IDoc from SAP. The action-type is ‘Listen’ which functions like IDOC inbound monitor.
Following the below steps with clicking ‘Load Execution’ will switch to the ‘Execution’ list from the documents list.
Then let’s check the process details by clicking the Gear button.
For this example, there’re two major steps which are actually master template of all inbound IDoc processing:
- Start-SAP SAP Prod/QA Deployment Connector
- [SAP] —> [Outbound BATCH IDOC Route] (SUB-PROC) Outbound IDOC
Step 1 defines the type and operation for the connection.
The details listener setting is a little similar to SM59 which can be maintained like below:
3. Inbound processing flow in BOOMI
Click step 2 ‘[SAP] —> [Outbound BATCH IDOC Route] Outbound IDOC’ from the above process we can see the details of how BOOMI deals with the inbound Idoc.
Each step has its own configuration and supports custom scripting like below to decode Idoc type. BOOMI experts will deal with this using language like Groovy.
Here is the key sub-step ‘Outbound IDOC Route’, which controls the process routing which process branch should go against various IDOC types. In this example, there’s a specific process route design for the material master. By this route setting, step 2 from the main process can dynamically switch to different routes to deal with different inbound Idocs types.
Find the process in the ‘Process Library’ or filter globally, we can get the sub-process flow to deal with Idoc specifically.
Here the product queue step is the connector type that links to another operation.
As the process can be reused freely and imbedded in another process, the whole flow could be extremely complex with a large number of sub-tasks at various levels that work together like an air-plain assembly line.
By open the component of the ‘Maps’ icon we can set the data structure mapping between SAP and BOOMI. SAP data structure comes from Idoc segments (include Idoc number, material number, etc.) shown on the left side mapping to the inbound structure on the right side.
Finally, we get updated material at SFDC with Idoc number and changed timestamp.
Tips. Check the IDoc file in XML format
If some error happens during the processing caused by incorrect data, maybe couldn’t get all error descriptions clearly and accordingly no matter at BOOMI or SFDC. And if we don’t have the Idoc number yet, it’ll be quite helpful if we can get the Idoc details.
At the ‘Execution’ entry list, click ‘View document’ for the first step (Start) SAP.
Then we can get details of IDoc in XML format including the number and basic/message type.